In 1953, on the heels of a discovery of a second coelacanth specimen in the Comoros Islands off Madagascar’s coast, J.L.B. Smith, the man who described the species, wrote in the Times of London: “We have in the past assumed that we have mastery not only of the land but of the sea… We have not. Life goes on there just as it did from the beginning. Man’s influence is as yet but a passing shadow. This discovery means that we may find other fishlike creatures, supposedly extinct still living in the sea.”
Unlike the coelacanth, which was thought to have gone extinct, we have known for centuries that giant squid have existed in our oceans’ depths. But unable to observe them alive in their deep sea home, we have understood very little about how they live, where they live and how they behave.
That is, until 2012, when Drs. Edith Widder, Steve O’Shea and Tsunemi Kobodera filmed the elusive and mysterious giant in its natural deep-sea habitat for the first time — a landmark moment in ocean exploration and an example of how technology and ingenuity can overcome the monumental challenges we face in exploring the deep. But it is a drop in the vast ocean-sized bucket of amazing discoveries waiting to be found.
It’s summertime again in the Northern Hemisphere, a season when millions of people journey to the nearest beach or mountain in search of a break from everyday life. It’s also a time that we all seem to read more — or, if nothing else, we talk about reading more. So why not combine these two forms of escape in one?
Ballard is a British novelist (actually born in Shanghai) who became famous with “Empire of the Sun.” “The Drowned World” is his first novel, and my personal favorite. He published it in 1962, when people did not talk much about climate change yet. The story takes place in the 21st century, when “fluctuations in solar radiation have caused the ice-caps to melt and the seas to rise. Global temperatures have climbed, and civilization has retreated to the Arctic and Antarctic circles. London is inundated by a primeval swamp, to which an expedition travels to record the flora and fauna of this new Triassic Age.”
I hope this science-fiction piece continues to be seen as science fiction in years to come; it reads incredibly plausible and realistic nowadays.
– Fabio Scarano, senior vice president of the Americas field division
Over the last month, millions of fans from all over the world looked toward Brazil, as teams from 32 countries and four continents have been battling for the title of 2014 World Cup champions.
This Sunday, the city of Rio de Janeiro will once again stage the final match— the first time since 1950. Back then, thousands of spectators reacted in astonishment when Brazil lost to Uruguay in the final match. This week, my generation experienced the same feeling after the seven goals scored by the German team in the semifinals. Sunday’s match will therefore be a stage for either the Germans or Argentineans to shine — may the best team win!
The city of Rio has changed a lot throughout the years. In the ’50s, the city was still the capital of Brazil (it’s since been moved to Brasilia) and its population was approximately 2 million. Today, this number has tripled.
During the last World Cup held in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro was in the midst of an urban revolution, with the opening of new avenues and construction of modern buildings downtown. The lack of water, however, was already a critical problem for the city due to deforestation in urban areas and a poor distribution system, and even inspired the lyrics of one of the most popular Carnival songs: “Rio de Janeiro / city that seduces us / during the day lacks water / during the night lacks energy.”
Kame Westerman with Madam Odette, one of the participants in a recent gender workshop in the DRC. Madam Odette runs a local organization that focuses on gender equality and providing family planning to villages near the park. (photo courtesy of Kame Westerman)
This blog is the second post in Human Nature’s new “Gender + Conservation” blog series; read the previous post.
One by one, the men and women stood up and rattled off a list: “Beans, sweet potatoes, peas … also sorghum.”
I was sitting on a hard, thin wooden bench in a dimly lit concrete room. Afternoon sunlight streaming in through holes near the roof provided enough lighting to display the crowd of men and women from the nearby village who had eagerly come to this meeting. “And the men,” they continued, “they are responsible for bananas, sugar cane, potatoes.”
Understanding those differences, and the roles that men and women play in natural resource management and decision-making, is key to ensuring that their unique uses of resources are taken into account, and that conservation efforts will benefit everyone.
But what does it mean to incorporate gender into a conservation project or program? What does a “gender-integrated” project look like? At CI, we are working closely with our staff around the world to find out. Continue reading →
Friday is the Fourth of July, an American holiday that celebrates the independence and birth of the nation. It’s a day when people in the U.S. look back to remember all the things that make them proud to be American.
In honor of the holiday, here are four monumental conservation efforts by the people and government of the United States — just a few inspirational conservation victories among many that have occurred.
Every available tank holds at least one Cantor’s softshell turtle (Pelochelyscantorii). The animals spend most of their time buried in sand mimicking their Mekong River habitat. Soon most of them will be released back into the wild — blissfully unaware of how close their species has come to disappearing.
Imagine a mountain overlooking a grassy plain. As rising temperatures and other impacts attributed to climate change take hold, the plants and animals covering its slopes are dying off. Birds and small mammals are migrating toward higher elevations in search of cooler climates — all except in a tiny patch of land at the base of the mountain, where these species are mysteriously continuing to thrive.
Why? This is what we’re trying to figure out, to see if it may give us clues for how species — and humanity itself — can adapt to climate change.
Extinction risk from climate change may be determined by patches of habitat so small that scientists have overlooked them for decades. A few trees clinging to a cool hillslope or a patch of grass riding out a dry spell near a spring may make all the difference in how vegetation — and the animals that depend on it — survive climate change.
In the southwest Pacific Ocean, on the archipelago of New Caledonia, atop the highest mountain of the main island, lives an ancient tree species that embodies the spirits of the island’s indigenous ancestors.
Commonly called the Mount Panié kauri (Agathis montana), this huge, magnificent conifer lives well over 1,000 years; local indigenous Kanak people call it dayu biik after its capacity to resist cyclones and other natural disasters.
But recent observation and studies indicates that these unique trees are disappearing, posing a major threat to the ecosystems and culture tied to them. Last week, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) updated the tree’s status on its Red List of Threatened Species from Near Threatened to Critically Endangered — the last stage before extinction. Continue reading →
This morning at the “Our Ocean” Conference, currently being hosted by the U.S. State Department, President Anote Tong of Kiribati announced that starting next year, the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) will be completely closed to commercial fishing — a monumental development that aims to regenerate a species-rich area of ocean the size of California. President Tong recently sat down with us to discuss this announcement; here’s an excerpt from the interview.
A: At the beginning of next year, the Phoenix Islands Protected Area — over 400,000 square kilometers [154,000 square miles] — will be closed to all commercial fishing activity.
Q: Why did the government of Kiribati decide to increase the percent of the PIPA that is closed to commercial fishing?
A: We have always intended to close off the whole of the PIPA … what we needed was time to put it into place. We have a number of partners that fish in our waters; the Japanese, the South Koreans, the Taiwanese, the Spanish, even the United States has quite a number of fishing vessels operating there. What we needed, and what they needed, was time to restructure and to reorganize their activities and accept the reality that the PIPA would no longer be available for them to fish in.