A recent rash of murders of environmental activists in Latin America has underscored the dangers of speaking up for the ecosystems and species that cannot — and the courage of those who do so anyway.
These crimes often go unsolved — making the recent conviction of four men suspected in the murder of Costa Rican sea turtle conservationist Jairo Mora Sandoval a rare and hopeful sign.
In May 2013, Mora was found dead on a beach on Costa Rica’s Caribbean coast after he and four foreign volunteers were abducted by a group of masked men while patrolling for leatherbacks.
In a subsequent blog post, Conservation International’s Sebastian Troëng put Mora’s death in context: “Jairo’s colleagues and friends are convinced he was murdered in retaliation for shining a light on the shady trade in sea turtle eggs and its close connection with other illegal activities,” he wrote.
A Costa Rican judge echoed this view. “The killing of Mr. Jairo Mora Sandoval was the straw that broke the camel’s back in this war that was taking place between poachers and environmentalists on the beach,” chief judge Carlos Álvarez was quoted as saying in March.
The four convicted men were each sentenced to between 74 and 90 years in prison for Mora’s murder and related crimes. Three others were acquitted for lack of evidence.
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“I am glad [Mora’s] murderers were convicted, but sad it occurred and that we could not prevent it,” said Marco Quesada, country director of Conservation International’s Costa Rica office, in response to the news. “Conflicts in sea turtle nesting beaches are not new. In this case, the killers were not seeking sea turtle eggs for subsistence, but were a band of organized criminals involved in other issues including drugs. Increasingly around the world, environmental crime has become intertwined with other conflicts.
“Although the conviction does not solve increased conflicts over natural resources, it does send a signal that such crimes will not be ignored by Costa Rican authorities,” he continued.
Costa Rica decided years ago to base its economic development on nature, Quesada said. “But conservation is a long road, and new challenges constantly arise. We look forward to carrying Jairo’s legacy to future generations.”
Molly Bergen is the senior managing editor of Human Nature.